From the “Tuareg question” to memories of conflict: In support of Mali’s reconciliation

Par Adib Bencherif
Centre FrancoPaix en résolution des conflits et missions de paix | Rapport du projet Stabiliser le Mali

The relationship between certain Tuareg communities in Mali and the country’s government has been one of conflict from the time that Mali became independent. Although the “Tuareg question” is commonly used to refer to the conflict between the state and the Tuareg, mainly in the north of the country, and the Malinke- Bambara populations in the southern part of the country, it actually tends to reify many prejudices, inherited in part from the colonial era. Moreover, the Tuareg rebellions (of 1963, the 1990s, 2006 and 2012) and the successive government repressions have gradually intensified resentments on both sides and fueled the memories driving potential conflicts. The objective of this report is to put competing representations of the conflict into perspective through a thoughtful reading of history. This also means grasping the formations of the various representations and resentments that exist in people’s memories. We will concentrate on the conflict between the Tuareg and the government of Mali, and between the various Tuareg communities. The study is focussed on the Tuareg as the key players in successive rebellions in Mali. The material used in this report was collected during field research in Mali conducted from December 2016 to February 2017. This material consists primarily of semi-directed interviews and discussions with Tuareg officials and leaders, as well as discussions with international stakeholders and experts.

ISBN : 978-2-922844-82-5
Mars 2018
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